1. Early Neighbours
10 generations ago, the maternal ancestors of the Ksiazyk established in Mazovia welcomed a Mennonite Community in the Kazun-Secymin area. The first Mennonite families arrived in 1773 and developed their farming activities until 1945. In many families of this region, the memory of the Mennonite Community was transmitted through anecdotes and childhood memories.
The Mennonites were previously living near Płock, on the other side of the Vistula River. Originating from Dutch settlements of the Lower Vistula, they spoke plautdietsch, a Low German dialect. Their hamlet was named Kazun Niemecki because the word Niemiecki means “Germans” in Polish. Hence, the sobriquet Niemcy given to them by the locals. In other parts of Poland, Mennonites were also designated as Olędrzy or Holendry, in reference to their Dutch ancestry. They came to Kazun with farming contracts to establish a colony in wastelands, reclaim the forest and develop cultivation along the left bank of the Vistula River. Some families were also farming in Markowszczyzna, Secymin and Wilków. Old maps report small settlements in Mała Wieś, Gać and Dąbrowa.
When they arrived, the Mennnonites did not get the best lands but they were skilled farmers and made the most of the tramps and sandy soils along the river. The floods of the Vistula River in 1813 and 1844 have devastated cultures and affected many families. Located closer to the river, Mennonites farms were the first to be washed away. Later, with the construction of an elaborated system of ditches, levees, tailing dikes and causeways, the Niemcy contributed to protect the area. Their work benefited to all the population and should be better acknowledged. Historians report that the Mennonite Community grew from 15 families (67 people) in 1795 to 41 families (314 people) in 1827. In the late 1830’s, the Mennonite Community in Kazun and nearby villages had some 325 people – a significant number.
"Tiet es Jeld"
Time is money
"Voll moakt fuul"
Full makes lazy
This series is a reminiscence of the Mennonite Community in the Kazun-Secymin area with no historical pretentions. Mennonite People were Polish subjects and Polish citizens as any other members of the Polish population. However, for a better understanding, we use the words “Catholics”, “Poles” or “Polish farmers” to designate the native local population.
The map above mentions the settlements of the Mennonite Communities (in green), as indicated by old maps but locations have to be confirmed. In this area, the first Catholic Church records were established between the years 1680’s and 1690’s. They highlight that the ancestors of the Ksiᶏżyk are among the oldest families in the parishes. Two families had a direct contact with Mennonite Communities.
► Wójcik family - Jan Wójcik (1681-1759) was the son of Kazimierz who died in Łomna in 1684. After 1773, the Wójcik family experienced the arrival of the first Mennonite Communities because initial contracts granted the right to cultivate along the left bank between Kazun and Łomna.
► Krzyna family - 10 generations ago, Adam Krzyna born before 1690 in Sowia Wola extended the presence of this family to the West. His son Grzegorz (17431805) established in Stara Dᶏbrowa during the last decade of the 18th century. Later, his son Jan (1797-1855) bought a property in Dᶏbrowa and the family extended to Dąbrówka. Old maps report a Mennonite Community nearby.
Mennonites Deutsch Kazun
Mennonici Kazuń Niemiecki
Holendrzy - Olędrzy