Collection.Exhibition.November.2017

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Ksiazyk Collection - Exhibition

11 November 2017 - Embassy of Poland

La Fête Nationale de Pologne est célébrée le 11 novembre, à l’occasion de la Journée Nationale de l’Indépendance (Narodowe Święto Niepodległości). Le 11 novembre 1918, la souveraineté de l’Etat Polonais a été restaurée après 123 années de partition et d’occupation par l’Autriche, la Prusse et la Russie. Cette année, la commémoration de la Journée Nationale de l’Indépendance rend hommage au Maréchal Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935). Fondateur de la Pologne restaurée et Homme d'Etat, il naquit il y a 150 ans. Pour la célébration de la Journée Nationale de l’Indépendance, une petite partie de la Collection Ksiazyk a été présentée au public à l’Ambassade de Pologne en France. Le thème retenu était "Józef Piłsudski et la France". L’exposition s’est concentrée sur la période d’émancipation de la Pologne et sur les premières années de l’Indépendance. La sélection a notamment présenté une série de documents publiés en France entre 1913 et 1925.

L’invitation de l’Ambassade de Pologne pour une célébration aussi importante est un immense honneur. La possibilité de présenter notre collection dans les murs prestigieux de l’Hôtel de Monaco, siège de l’Ambassade, est un rare privilège. Toutes les familles Ksiazyk de Pologne et de Polonia partagent la même fierté de servir la mémoire de ce grand jour. Ensemble, elles expriment leur gratitude à S.E. Monsieur l'Ambassadeur Tomasz Młynarski.

 

Voir aussi : Documents et Memorabilia relatifs au Maréchal Piłsudski dans la Collection Ksiazyk.

 

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The National Day of Poland is celebrated on 11 November for Independence Day (Narodowe Święto Niepodległości). On 11 November 1918, the sovereignty of Poland was restored after 123 years of partition and occupation by Austria, Prussia and Russia. This year, the commemoration of the National Independence Day pays tribute to Marshall Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935). Founding Father of modern Poland and Stateman, he was born 150 years ago. For the 2017 celebration of the National Independence Day, a small part of the Ksiazyk Collection was presented to the public at the Embassy of Poland in France. The theme was "Józef Piłsudski and France". The exhibition focused on the period of Poland emancipation and on the early years of Independence. The selection included a series of documents published in France from the years 1913 to 1925.

The invitation of the Embassy of Poland for such an important celebration is a great honour. The opportunity to present our family collection in the prestigious walls of the Hotel de Monaco, headquarters of the Embassy, is a rare privilege. All the Ksiazyk families from Poland and Polonia are sharing the same pride of serving the memory of this special day. Together, they express their gratitude to H.E. Mr. Ambassador Tomasz Młynarski.

 

Read also: Documents and Memorabilia about Marshal Piłsudski in the Ksiazyk Collection.

 

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Postcards published in 1916 by Polonia, a French association supporting the future Independence of Poland. Founded by Rosa Bailly in 1913, Polonia also published booklets. These postcards were distributed in the Parliament to raise the awareness of French politicians. Interestingly, the Polish flag is pictured upside down. At this time, there was no official flag and the “White on Red” design would only be officialised in August 1919.

In 1915, weekly newspaper Le Mirroir has published the first photos of Józef Piłsudski. At this time, he was perceived as a political activist and a self-proclaimed military leader. His positions against Russia were also causing some suspicion. The Alliance Franco-Russe was diplomatic cornerstone and Imperial Russia was an ally of France against Germany.

This 32-page booklet was written in February 1919. It is arguably the first book published in France about Józef Piłsudski. The author insists on the Socialist agenda of Piłsudski, a patriot with high moral standards. He explains that with the creation of Polish Legions, Piłsudski has avoided the general mobilization of the Poles by the Germans. This rationale had a very positive impact on French readers.