Książyk in Poland before 1900
This research focuses on the main locations of Książyk families before 1900:
1. Historic Roots in Podlaskie
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Książyk people were still living in the area of the Niewino villages (parish of Wyszki) from where our family is originating. Many archives are in Vilnius, the capital city of Lithuania since 1945. Other archives are in Drohiczyn, the main parish of this area.
The available records locate a Książyk family in Liza, a hamlet from the parish of Topczewo. The marriage of Maciej Książyk and Zofia Tuslocka is recorded in 1780.
2. Poznan and the South Warta Lake District
Before 1900, several Książyk families were located in the area of Gostyń, 60 km South of Poznan. The map above presents the main settlements (yellow) in this area.
Several Książyk families were located in small villages of the Lake District located in the Southern area of the Warta River. The map above presents the districts (in blue) of the villages mentioned in the Poznan Project.
Czermin, Gogolewo, Juncewo, Jutrosin, Kobylepole, Kobylin, Konojad, Koźmin, Krotoszyn, Łaszczyn, Mieszków, Mórka, Nowe Miasto, Pakosław, Panienka, Pępowo, Smolice, Solec Środa, Spławie, Środa Wielkopolska, Stęszew, Tulce, Wilkowyja, Wyganów, and Zaniemyśl.
Today, the most important setlement of Książyk people remains in the Gostyń area with families living in Koscian, Kalisz, Bojanowo and Sroda Wielkopolska.
3. Three Rivers Mazovia
Książyk families were established, along the Vistula and its tributaries rivers the Narew and the Bug. Some Książyk families are still living in this region with 11 people in Nowy Dwór and 16 in Serock (estimation). The left bank of the Vistula has lost the significant Książyk presence of the 1890's.
The Vistula was a trade highway from the Baltic to the Black Sea via the Dniepr. Located at a strategic crossroad, the Nowy Dwor area has been one of the richest region of the Commonwealth. Amber, furs, timber and grains transited there.
4. Kielce and the Holy Cross Hills
Few Książyk families were located in this region of the Holy Cross Mountains (Świętokrzyskie). One of them was living in Kielce in the 1850's, as confirmed by the records of the cathedral.
Wojciech and Tomasz Książyk were brothers and lived in the same village of Chmielnik. Their sons Tomasz and Walenty were born there in 1782 and 1783. There are no Książyk families any more in this area.
4. Kresy Ukraine
After the conquest of the "Red Ruthenia", Polish settlers came to Ukraine at the end of the Xth c. to cultivate vast empty steppes. The region joined the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1366. The Poles established large estates and developed a successful business in flourishing towns (Lwów, Stanisławów, Tarnopol). From 1772 to 1918, Eastern Poland was part of the Habsburg Galicia. The life of Polish settlers was very challenging in a volatile environment. Tatar destruction, Ukrainian revolts, Turkish invasions and Russian incursions were frequent.
The presence of Książyk families in Boryczówka (former Galicia) is confirmed in the early 18th c. by the archives of the parish of Trembowla. Interestingly, the presence of the Krzyna family in Postołówka (some 15 km away) suggests that some people this Książyk lineage was from the Kazun Polski area. In the 19th c.a succession of bad harvests, droughts and floods have pushed many families to emigration. Most members of the Książyk families from Boryczówka have emigrated to Canada.
Before WWII, Boryczówka was in Eastern Poland. 930 people were living there in 1900. During WWII, thousands Poles and Greek Catholic Ruthenians who considered themselves as Poles were massacred. Hundreds of thousands were expelled. In 1945, Poland lost all Eastern territories (Kresy) and Boryczówka is now located in Western Ukraine.
Jan Książyk from Trembowla left Hamburg for New York on 23 March 1907. He was 37, married and had 10 dollars. In his passenger record from the ship Pensylvania (above), he is registered as an "Austrian Pole". The record mentions that he wants to join his brother in Winnipeg, his final destination.
5. Tarczyn and Grójec areas
Margaritha, daughter of Paul Książyk was born in Kotorydze and christened in Tarczyn in 1782, 10 years after the first partition of Poland..